Basic Law Terms

An insolvency document that contains basic information about the debtor, including the name, address, chapter under which the case is filed and the estimated amount of assets and liabilities. (For more legal terms, see the glossaries of the American Bar Association or U.S. courts.) Luckily, Enjuris is here to help. The terms defined below are intended to provide students in the 1st year of law with a basic understanding of common legal terminology. Treatises or secondary sources written primarily for law students. Hornbooks generally lays out the established basic principles of the law and explains how the law has evolved. Discrimination: This term refers to the unequal treatment of a person on grounds unrelated to his or her legal rights or abilities. There are federal and state laws that prohibit discrimination in terms of employment, housing, rates of pay, educational opportunities, civil rights, and use of facilities. A person who believes he has been discriminated against may take legal action with the Federal Commission for Equal Employment Opportunities or its state agency. Below is a list of 10 important legal terms you need to know. In fact, there are at least 15 defined terms below, but we like the idea of a “top 10 list,” so it`s like getting extra words for free! Seriously, but your lawyer will not only use these terms to keep you informed of what is happening in your case, but you will also better understand what is happening in the many trials that are reported in the news. By providing us with your email address, you agree to the terms of our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.

An order that contains conditions that all parties have agreed. Other commonly confused terms include attack and battery. A man who has just been beaten by another man may shout that he has been attacked. In fact, the presence of actual physical contact means that he was beaten. If you have a hard time remembering that you can think of it this way: if you`re physically hit by a baseball bat, you`ve been beaten. Basically, negligence is defined as follows: As a paralegal, you need to familiarize yourself with legal terms and, in particular, with the terms used in the area of law in which you end up working. If you work for a public defender, prosecutor or criminal defense lawyer, you will be dealing with more criminal penalties. When working with companies, you need to focus on corporate law, contractual terms and the Unified Commercial Code (UCC). The same principle applies to cooperation with tax lawyers, family law or inheritance law. Understanding legal terminology is essential to understanding the law itself and its proper application in research, legal analysis, document preparation, and compliance with local, state, and federal justice systems. The Glossary of Legal Terms defines more than 100 of the most common legal terms in easy-to-understand language.

The terms are listed in alphabetical order and can be best retrieved by selecting a letter here: prison sentences for two or more crimes served simultaneously and not consecutively. Example: Two five-year prison sentences and a three-year prison sentence result in a maximum of five years behind bars if served at the same time. In addition, some terms can mean a number of things depending on the context. Take, for example, “lynching.” Under California Penal Code 405a, a lynching is “the removal of a person from the lawful custody of a peace officer by insurrection.” However, the word “lynching” can also refer to the murder of a person without legal authorization, usually by hanging; And the “lynching law” refers to the punishment of alleged crimes or offenses, usually by death, without due process. As you can see, the way a term is used often dictates what it means; So when you go through these terms, remember that there may be differences in legal definitions. The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code, which provides for the adjustment of the debts of a “family farmer” or a “family fisherman”, as defined in the Bankruptcy Code. One of the key skills of these professionals is understanding common legal terms. When the lawyer works with the lawyers of a company, he can present in session a legal term or concept that is “common” to him because of his legal training. However, the same term might be foreign to the average industry expert. Imagine how much easier and more efficient it would be, both for the individual and the consultant, if both parties could speak the same language.

By learning common legal terms, you can accomplish your professional tasks with confidence in your own expertise. While earning a graduate degree in law is a way to improve your legal knowledge, here are some common legal terms for non-lawyers in a variety of industries to give you a head start: If you work in an industry that`s highly regulated as one of the highest, chances are you`ll need to interact with the law on a regular basis. Regulations and lawyers. If you have a solid understanding of general legal terms that can impact your organization and industry, you can become a more effective team member and act as a link between legal and non-legal audiences. A record is how the court pursues a case, and can be either singular (the record of your particular case) or plural (the full list of court cases – sometimes by the hundreds). You may hear that your case is “on paper,” which means it`s scheduled for some sort of hearing. Connecticut state courts control their records in several ways: You may hear that we use the following terms: Your meter is also in the registry. They also help with appointments that are available for testing. An existing notice, usually published, which, on the basis of similar facts and legal issues, serves to preside over a court in the case pending before it. The assertion of a creditor`s claim for the payment of a debtor or its assets. Informed consent: In the case of medical treatment, informed consent must be given voluntarily by a patient before undergoing medical treatment. In order to be “informed”, patients must have a thorough knowledge of the procedure, possible outcomes, workable alternatives and their right to refuse treatment.

Contracts or leases in which both parties still have obligations to fulfill. If a contract or lease is enforceable, a debtor can accept it (keep the contract) or reject it (terminate the contract). Here you need to file documents or get copies of documents from a court record. The release of an inmate – granted by the U.S. Parole Board – after the inmate has served part of his or her sentence in a federal prison. When the probation officer is released into the community, he or she is placed under the supervision of a U.S. probation officer. It is a term used both in the submission of documents and in the investigation of one party by the other party, under oath/confirmation and with a court reporter who transcribes all questions and answers for later use. Standard of Care: The level of care required to prevent injuries caused by another. If an organization`s actions do not meet this standard of care, they may be considered negligent.

A decision of a jury or trial judge that establishes the guilt or innocence of an accused or determines the final outcome of a civil trial. Is not subject to a court order because the controversy did not actually arise or was not terminated A person or company that was involved in any way in the events or incidents that led the plaintiff to sue the defendant. Written pleadings – Written observations of the parties in a civil case concerning their positions. In federal courts, the most important pleadings are the complaint and the response. This guide is designed to be a quick reference to the selected content in your basic legal research course kit to help you review the course content and complete your assignments. A special condition imposed by the court requiring a person to work – without pay – for a civilian or non-profit organization. Probation officer of a court. The duties of the probation officer include conducting pre-conviction investigations, preparing investigation reports on convicted accused, and following up on released accused. The sale of a debtor`s assets with the proceeds to be used for the benefit of creditors. Injunction – An order of a court prohibiting (or enforcing) the performance of a particular act in order to prevent irreparable harm or harm.